Jonathan T. Michael, DPM, FACFAS

Bayonne (201) 535-8978

Randolph (973) 446-0021

Kearny (201) 997-5000

Jersey City (973) 446-0021

Podiatry Blog - Bayonne NJ, Randolph NJ, Kearny NJ and Jersey City NJ, NJ Foot Doctor

Tuesday, 31 October 2017 00:00

What is Hammertoe and Mallet Toe?

An imbalance in either the muscles, ligaments, and tendons in the foot that keep the toes straight can cause hammertoe or mallet toe. Causes of this imbalance can stem from improperly-fitted shoes, trauma, and even foot structure. An abnormal bend in the middle joint of a toe is called hammertoe. When the joint nearest to the toenail is affected, this condition is called mallet toe. Poorly-fitted shoes can result in the toes becoming compressed which can result in the condition. Simply wearing properly-fitted footwear may cause the toes to become uncompressed and restore balance in the foot. However, surgery may be needed if the issue stems from trauma or foot structure, and if symptoms become more severe or do not go away.

Hammertoe

Hammertoes can be a painful condition to live with. For more information, contact one of our podiatrists from Tri County Foot & Ankle Center. Our doctors will answer any of your foot- and ankle-related questions.

Hammertoe

Hammertoe is a foot deformity that affects the joints of the second, third, fourth, or fifth toes of your feet. It is a painful foot condition in which these toes curl and arch up, which can often lead to pain when wearing footwear.

Symptoms

  • Pain in the affected toes
  • Development of corns or calluses due to friction
  • Inflammation
  • Redness
  • Contracture of the toes

Causes

Genetics – People who are genetically predisposed to hammertoe are often more susceptible

Arthritis – Because arthritis affects the joints in your toes, further deformities stemming from arthritis can occur

Trauma – Direct trauma to the toes could potentially lead to hammertoe

Ill-fitting shoes – Undue pressure on the front of the toes from ill-fitting shoes can potentially lead to the development of hammertoe

Treatment

Orthotics – Custom made inserts can be used to help relieve pressure placed on the toes and therefore relieve some of the pain associated with it

Medications – Oral medications such as anti-inflammatories or NSAIDs could be used to treat the pain and inflammation hammertoes causes. Injections of corticosteroids are also sometimes used

Surgery – In more severe cases where the hammertoes have become more rigid, foot surgery is a potential option

If you have any questions please contact one of our offices located in New Jersey. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about What Are Hammertoes?
Monday, 23 October 2017 00:00

Tips on Preventing Running Injuries

Running can be a great way to stay healthy, however it can also lead to injuries. Knowing what to do to prevent running injuries is essential to ensure a healthy outcome. In addition to basic steps like drinking plenty of water, avoiding overuse, running properly, and wearing the right footwear for you, there are more advanced steps you can take to help prevent injury. Stretching daily, even during down times like at a work, helps keep the body loose. Working out both legs individually can help ensure that each leg is strong on its own. Stability exercises, even ones as simple as balancing on one leg, and strength and flexibility exercises can help promote overall fitness that makes the body more resilient to injury. Following these steps won’t prevent every injury, but they can help significantly.

Exercising your feet regularly with the proper foot wear is a great way to prevent injuries. If you have any concerns about your feet, contact one of our podiatrists of Tri County Foot & Ankle Center. Our doctors will treat your foot and ankle needs.

How to Prevent Running Injuries

Many common running injuries are caused by overuse and overtraining. When the back of the kneecap starts wearing out and starts causing pain in your knee, this is commonly referred to as runner’s knee. Runner’s knee is a decrease in strength in your quadriceps and can occur if you’re not wearing properly fitted or supporting shoes. To prevent runner’s knee, focusing on hip strengthening is a good idea, as well as strengthening your quads to keep the kneecaps aligned.

What Are Some Causes of Running Injuries?
- One cause of a common running injury is called iliotibial band syndrome.
- Plantar fasciitis is also another common injury.
- Stress fractures can occur from overtraining, lack of calcium, or even your running style.

Best Ways to Prevent Running Injuries
- Wear footwear that fits properly and suits your running needs.
- Running shoes are the only protective gear that runners have to safeguard them from injury.
- Make a training schedule. Adding strengthening exercises as well as regular stretching can help keep you strong and limber and can lessen the possibility of injuries.
- Stretching keeps muscles limber; this will help you gain better flexibility.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in New Jersey. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about How to Prevent Running Injuries
Monday, 16 October 2017 00:00

Changing Shoe Sizes Among the Elderly

As we get older, our feet typically get larger and flatten out. This is due to a loss of elasticity in supporting tendons and ligaments, which then causes lower arches and an elongation of the sole. Many people do not realize this and wind up wearing the same size shoes which can now be too tight. Poorly fitted shoes can cause a number of foot ailments such as ingrown toenails, hammertoes, and foot pain. They can also exacerbate other foot problems, such as bunions. With this in mind, elderly persons should have their foot size examined when they are looking for a new pair of shoes. It is also best to go later on in the day when shopping as our feet tend to swell up throughout the day.  Shoes should provide good cushioning and support and the toes should be able to move freely without being constricted.

Proper foot care is something many older adults forget to consider. If you have any concerns about your feet and ankles, contact one of our podiatrists from Tri County Foot & Ankle Center. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

The Elderly and their Feet

As we age we start to notice many changes in our body, but the elder population may not notice them right away. Medical conditions may prevent the elderly to take notice of their foot health right away. Poor vision is a lead contributor to not taking action for the elderly.

Common Conditions 

  • Neuropathy – can reduce feeling in the feet, and can hide many life threating medical conditions.
  • Reduced flexibility – prevents the ability of proper toenail trimming, and foot cleaning. If left untreated, it may lead to further medical issues.
  • Foot sores – amongst the older population can be serious before they are discovered. Some of the problematic conditions they may face are:
  • Gouging toenails affecting nearby toe
  • Shoes that don’t fit properly
  • Pressure sores
  • Loss of circulation in legs & feet
  • Edema & swelling of feet and ankles

Susceptible Infections

Diabetes and poor circulation can cause general loss of sensitivity over the years, turning a simple cut into a serious issue.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in New Jersey. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Monday, 09 October 2017 00:00

What is Gout?

Gout, a form of arthritis, is a common, painful disorder caused by a buildup of uric acid crystals in the joints. It can occur in any joint in the body, including joints in the foot. Symptoms include pain, inflammation, and redness at the affected area. Gout generally occurs as attacks that come and go. Men often suffer from gout more than women, and attacks are more likely to come during the night. Anti-inflammatory medications or corticosteroids can help reduce pain and inflammation, and changes in diet have been found to help lessen the risk of attacks. Alcoholic beverages and foods that are rich in purines should be avoided. If you are experiencing gout symptoms in the foot, it is recommended to see a podiatrist for treatment.
 

Gout is a foot condition that requires certain treatment and care. If you are seeking treatment, contact one of our podiatrists from Tri County Foot & Ankle Center. Our doctors will treat your foot and ankle needs.

What is Gout?

Gout is a type of arthritis caused by a buildup of uric acid in the bloodstream. It often develops in the foot, especially the big toe area, although it can manifest in other parts of the body as well. Gout can make walking and standing very painful and is especially common in diabetics and the obese.

People typically get gout because of a poor diet. Genetic predisposition is also a factor. The children of parents who have had gout frequently have a chance of developing it themselves.

Gout can easily be identified by redness and inflammation of the big toe and the surrounding areas of the foot. Other symptoms include extreme fatigue, joint pain, and running high fevers. Sometimes corticosteroid drugs can be prescribed to treat gout, but the best way to combat this disease is to get more exercise and eat a better diet.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in New Jersey. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Everything You Need to Know About Gout

Running is a great way to stay healthy and fit, and an important aspect of running is proper footwear. Wearing the right type of footwear can help prevent injury and strain and provide a more enjoyable experience. If you are just starting out as a runner, don’t worry too much about buying expensive, high-end shoes. Instead, look for a pair that is medium-priced, provides comfort, and is roomy. When you wear a pair of shoes that do not provide a proper fit, you risk sustaining a number of injuries such as an ankle sprain or developing foot conditions such as corns, blisters, or plantar fasciitis. Furthermore, a bad pair of running shoes can make running uncomfortable and discourage you from doing it.

If you are a runner, wearing the right running shoe is essential. For more information, contact one of our podiatrists from Tri County Foot & Ankle Center. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Choosing the Right Running Shoe for Your Foot Type

To increase performance and avoid the risk of injury, it is important to choose the right running shoe based on your foot type. The general design of running shoes revolves around pronation, which is how the ankle rolls from outside to inside when the foot strikes the ground.

  • Neutral runners are able to choose from a wide variety of shoes, including minimalist shoes or even going barefoot.
  • Runners who overpronate, or experience an over-abundance of ankle rolling, should choose shoes that provide extra motion control and stability.
  • Runners who underpronate, or supinate, have feet that have high arches and lack flexibility, preventing shock absorption. They require shoes with more flexibility and cushion.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in New Jersey. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Choosing the Right Running Shoe for Your Foot Type
Testimonials

"Excellent physician, very knowledgeable, caring, and painless surgery."

Mike Davies, Bayonne, NJ

"Dr. Michael is a wonderful doctor. He has taught me how to take care of my feet properly after being diagnosed diabetic. He takes his time to explain everything as he goes. He's a true jewel. His office staff is courteous and very professional."

Mary Headrick, Bayonne, TX

"I just started seeing Dr. Michael after my previous doctor left his practice. I wish I had found him sooner! I highly recommend this practice!"

Melissa Brown, Randolph, NJ